Feb. 16, 2022
Soaps and detergents are critical to personal and public health. Soaps and detergents found in the home fall into four major categories: personal cleaning, laundry, dishwashing, and household cleaning. Within each category, there are different types of products that are formulated with ingredients chosen to perform a wide range of cleaning functions as well as provide properties specific to that product. Understanding the different products and their ingredients will help you choose the right product for your cleaning job.
Surfactants, also known as surfactants, are organic chemical substances that change the properties of water.
By reducing the surface tension of water, surfactants enable cleaning solutions to wet surfaces faster, so dirt can be easily loosened and removed. Surfactants also emulsify oily soils and disperse and suspend them so they do not settle on the surface.
Anionic surfactants are used in laundry and hand dishwashing detergents; household cleaners; and personal cleaning products. They ionize (convert to charged particles) in solution, are negatively charged, have excellent cleaning properties, and often have high foam.
Nonionic surfactants have low foaming properties and are commonly used in laundry and automatic dishwashing detergents and rinse aids. Because they do not ionize in solution and therefore have no electrical charge, they are resistant to water hardness and clean well on most soils. The most widely used are alcohol ethoxylates.
Cationic surfactants are used in fabric softeners and fabric softening laundry detergents. Other cations are disinfecting/disinfecting ingredients in some household cleaners. They ionize in solution and carry a positive charge. Quaternary ammonium compounds are the main cations.
Amphoteric surfactants are used in personal cleaning and household cleaning products because of their mildness, foaming and stability.
Personal cleaning products include soaps, gels, liquid soaps and heavy-duty hand sanitizers. These products get their cleaning action from soap, other surfactants or a combination of both. The choice of cleanser helps determine the lathering properties, skin feel and rinseability of the product.
Soaps or gels are formulated to cleanse the hands, face and body. Depending on the other ingredients, they may also moisturize the skin and/or kill or inhibit bacteria that may cause odor or disease.
Liquid soaps are specially formulated to cleanse the hands or body and have skin conditioning agents. Some contain antibacterial agents that kill or inhibit bacteria that can cause odor or disease.
Laundry detergents are either all-purpose or light duty. General purpose detergents are suitable for all washable fabrics. Liquids work best on oily soils and pretreated soils and stains.
Bleaches (chlorine and oxygen) brighten and brighten fabrics and help remove stubborn stains.
Water softeners deactivate hard water minerals. Since detergents are more effective in soft water, these products improve cleaning power.
Dishwashing products include detergents for hand and machine washed dishes as well as some specialty products. They are available in liquid, gel, powder and solid forms.
In addition to automatic dishwasher detergents, rinsing agents are used to reduce surface tension and thus improve water drainage from dishes and utensils. Film removers remove hard water film and cloudiness from dishes and dishwasher interiors.
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Advanced technological equipment with ethoxylated omizing external recirculation systems are adopted and installed in the production facilities processing Nonionicsurfactant and Polycarboxylicacid cement water-reducer with greater monomers. Products have the characteristics like narrower mass distribution, lower content of polyethylene glycol, safer, environmental friendly, etc. and have been widely used in various fields like pesticides, cement water reducer, textile, dyes, leather, oilfield, dailyuse chemicals, detergents and highly valued by the users.
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